Clauses of Result

Clauses of Result - Teoría

USO: Para referirse a los motivos o resultados de una acción o hecho.

F0RMA:

Se usa SO y SUCH en la oración principal para explicar un resultado de la oración subordinada que comienze con THAT. Se usa SINCE, AS, AS LONG AS y NOW THAT para introduir una oración subordinada que explica el verbo de la oración principal.

EJEMPLOS:

'He is so fast he always wins all the races.'
'Dave is such a good student, that everybody looks up to him.'
'We decided to stop, since we were very tired and bored.'
'As long as he agrees with my proposal I will do it.'
'I think I'll leave, now that the class has ended.'

SUCH... THAT and SO... THAT

USO: Estos se usan en la oración principal para explicar el motivo de una acción o hecho. SO... THAT se usa con adjetivos o adverbios y SUCH... THAT con adjetivos y sustantivos.

FORMA:

WITH ADJECTIVES

[SUJETO + BE + SO + ADJETIVO + THAT + FRASE SUBORDINADA]

EJEMPLOS:

'Usain is so fast that he always wins his races.'
'I am so pumped that I can't go to sleep.'

WITH ADVERBS

[SUJETO + VERBO (+OBJETO) + SO + ADVERBIO + THAT + FRASE SUBORDINADA]

EJEMPLOS:

'He was going so fast that he arrived before us.'
'Peter is so charming that everybody loves him.'

WITH ADJECTIVE + NOUN

[SUJETO + BE + SUCH (+ A) + ADJETIVO + SUSTANTIVO + THAT + FRASE SUBORDINADA]

Tenga presente que el artículo indefinido A(N) se usa antes del adjetivo con sustantivos cuantitativos en singular.

EJEMPLOS:

'Dave is such a good student, that everybody looks up to him.'
'This is such a good meal that I'm going to come here every weekend.'
'They are such good friends that they are going to live together.'

SINCE/NOW THAT/AS LONG AS

Todas estas expresiones se usan como conjunciones al comienzo de ORACIONES SUBORDINADAS. Las dos oraciones normalmente van separadas por una COMA [,].

[CONJUNCION + FRASE SUBORDINADA, + FRASE PRINCIPAL]
o
[FRASE PRINCIPAL + CONJUNCION + FRASE SUBORDINADA]

SINCE

introduce un motivo para la acción estado o hecho descrito en la FRASE PRINCIPAL.

EJEMPLOS:

'Since you speak perfect Spanish, I want you to translate this for me.'
'We decided to stop, since we were very tired and bored.'

NOW THAT

introduce una condición nueva o reciente que explica la acción, estado o hecho descrito en la ORACIÓN PRINCIPAL.

EJEMPLOS:

'Now that he's sixteen years old, he may decide to start working.'
'I think I'll leave, now that the class has ended.'

AS LONG AS

introduce una condición necesaria para la acción, estado o hecho descrito en la oración principal.

EJEMPLOS:

'As long as he agrees with my proposal I will do it.'
'You can drive the car, as long as your very careful.'

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