Past Simple

Past Simple - Teoría

STATEMENTS

AFFIRMATIVE

FORMA: Los verbos regulares en el Pasado Simple terminan en -ed.
[TODOS LOS SUJETOS + VERBO+ED + RESTO DE LA FRASE]

Julia walked home yesterday.
We played football 2 days ago.

SPELLING

Los verbos que terminan en -e solo necesitan -d:
live/lived.

En los verbos que terminan en consonante+y, cambia la y a una i: carry/carries try/tried

NOTA: El pasado simple con frecuencia se utiliza con los adverbios:
yesterday, last week/month/year/ a... ago.

FORMA: [SUJETO + DID NOT/DIDN'T + VERBO + RESTO]

They did not call me last week.
Robert didn't study for the exam.

IRREGULAR FORMS

A continuación damos una lista de los verbos irregulares mas frecuentes:
come - came
do - did
drink - drank
eat - ate
find - found
get - got
drive - drove
go - went
have - had
hear - heard
know - knew
leave - left
make - made
meet - met
put - put
read - read
say - said
sell - sold
sit - sat
sleep - slept
speak - spoke
take - took
tell - told
think - thought
understand - understood
wear - wore
write - wrote

QUESTION

YES/NO QUESTIONS

FORMA: [DID/DIDN'T + SUJETO + VERBO + RESTO]
Did you run the other day?
Didn't they buy the TV two days ago?

SHORT ANSWERS

FORMA
[YES, SUJETO + DID]
Yes, they did.
[NO, SUJETO + DID + NOT/DIDN'T]
No, they didn't.

WH-QUESTIONS

FORMA: Preguntas acerca del SUJETO:
[WHO/WHAT + VERBO EN PASADO + RESTO]
Who told you?
What made that noise?

Preguntas acerca del RESTO DE LA FRASE:
[PALABRA WH- + DID + SUJETO + VERBO + RESTO]
When did you leave university? Where did they get that?

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